Newsies (released as The News Boys in the United Kingdom) is a 1992 American musical comedy-drama film produced by Walt Disney Pictures and directed by choreographer Kenny Ortega in his film directing debut. Loosely based on the New York City Newsboys' Strike of 1899 and featuring twelve original songs by Alan Menken and J.A.C. Redford, it stars Christian Bale, David Moscow, Bill Pullman, Robert Duvall and Ann-Margret. It was the first completely live-action musical that Disney produced. The film was an initial box office bomb and received negative to mixed reviews at the time of its release, but later gained a large cult following on home video. It was later adapted into a highly successful stage adaptation on Broadway that was nominated for eight Tony Awards, winning two.