Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centred on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. It consists of the kingdoms of Norway, Sweden and Denmark, with some sources also including the nations of Finland and Iceland as well. Regardless of how the term "Scandinavia" is used outside the region, the terms the Nordic countries and the Nordic region are used officially and unambiguously to identify the nations of Norway, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, Denmark, the Danish territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland, and the Finnish territory of Åland as politically and culturally similar entities.
"Scandinavia" has no official definition and is subject to usage by those who identify with the culture in question, as well as interpretation by outsiders who attempt to give the term their own meaning. The term is, therefore, often defined according to the conventions of the cultures that lay claim to the term in their own usage. The clearest example of the use of the term "Scandinavia" as a political and cultural construct is the unique position of Finland, based largely on incursions into that country and occupation of it by Sweden, thus to much of the world properly associating Finland with all of Scandinavia. But the creation of a Finnish identity is unique in the region in that it was forged in the decolonization struggles against two different imperial models, the Swedish and the Russian, as described by the University of Jyväskylä based editorial board of the Finnish journal Yearbook of Political Thought and Conceptual History: