The party is the political wing of the Islamic Education Society. Asalah's leader is Ghanim Al Buaneen who took over in 2005 from Sheikh Adel Mouwda, who was sacked because he was perceived to be too close to Shia Islamists, Al Wefaq. Asalah is most popular in the conservative bastions of Muharraq and Riffa, and its supporters can be distinguished by their long beards and short thobes.
Asalah seeks to promote a hardine interpretation of Islam which rejects much of Bahrain's modernism as well as encouraging religious observance. It has led opposition in the Kingdom to US military action in Iraq and was at the forefront of demonstrations against military action in Falluja.